Menopause is a stage that every woman will get through. No woman is exempted from it. While this stage of life can be very challenging for most women, women that are prepared for this phase of their life are known to cope better. One way to prepare for menopause is to know what the signs and symptoms of menopause are.

This article contains 10 signs and symptoms of menopause. Read on to find out what they are.

Night Sweats

Night sweats usually take place while a woman that is about to experience menopause is asleep. When it takes place, anyone that experiences it sweats a lot. This is so intense that lots of times, the sheets, as well as pajamas get soaked. There are times night sweat gets you out of sleep. When this occurs, it is normal to feel irritable during the day.

Increase in Weight

As women approach menopause, they usually put up more weight. This occurs because their body metabolism slows down. Another reason for an increase in weight is a reduction in lean body mass as aging kicks in.

In addition to a basic increase in weight, as women approach menopause, their body weight is distributed differently.

Hot Flashes

Hot Flashes are regarded as one of the most common signs of menopause. Although they do not affect all women, about 75% of women are affected by hot flashes. When a hot flash occurs, a woman that is about to enter menopause feels a surge of heat through her body. It can last for several minutes and can also be as short as some seconds. There are times this happens a few times in one month. Other times, it takes place severally in one day.

While hot flashes can take place in various parts of the body. It appears they are more pronounced around the chest, neck, and face. While it occurs, the heart rate sometimes becomes faster and the skin has a reddish appearance.

Usually, women that are about to go into menopause start to experience hot flashes when they are about to experience their period for this last time.

A Decrease in Libido

As women approach menopause they generally have a reduced urge to have sex. While dryness and atrophy of the vagina contribute to this, there are other non-physical causes of a reduction in libido as women approach menopause

Menstrual Cycles Cease

A major indication of menopause is the absence of a menstrual cycle for 12 months. When a woman gets to menopause, she no longer ovulates. Furthermore, the uterine lining stops growing and shedding.

Vaginal Atrophy and Dryness

As the body’s ability to produce estrogen reduces, the vagina’s lining gets pale, thin, and dry. This happens in a condition that is known as vaginal atrophy. When this occurs, the vagina is not just dry, it is unable to expand when the need arises. That’s not all. Also, the vagina gets narrower and the vaginal canal becomes shorter. When this happens, a lot of women discover that they are unable to cope with penetrative sex as it begins to feel painful and might even lead to bleeding.

Insomnia

One major indication that menopause is approaching is insomnia, as well as other sleep disorders. As the body’s level of estrogen and progesterone fluctuate and finally start reducing, it becomes difficult for aging women to have sound sleep. While progesterone makes it easy for women to fall asleep, estrogen helps women sleep longer and get properly relaxed while sleeping.

Mood Swings

Mood swings can be a sign of many things. However, as a woman ages, mood swings become a sign of menopause. As this occurs, a lot of aging women become more fatigued, irritable, depressed, and anxious. This change in mood usually occurs because of hormonal changes in a woman’s body.

Hair Changes

One indication of menopause is an increase in facial hair and a reduction in hair on the crown of the head. This occurs because of a reduction in estrogen. As the body’s level of estrogen drops, there is an increase in androgen which causes women approaching menopause to start having facial hair.

Challenges with Urinary Function

The decrease in estrogen as women approach menopause makes it difficult for them to be in charge of urination. As menopause approaches, there is usually a sudden need to visit the bathroom.

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