Basically, kidney stones are formed when there is a collection of minerals and salt. These minerals are usually made of uric acid and calcium.
There are various sizes of kidney stones. Also, kidney stones are known to move from one part of the urinary tract to another and can sometimes grow so large that they occupy the entire kidney.
Kidney stones do not just appear all of a sudden. They come with certain symptoms. Contained in this article are some of those symptoms.
Blood Stained Urine
Bloodstained urine is known as hematuria and is a sign that one has kidney stones. Although a lot of people expect the blood to be red, it is not always red, it can be pink, brown, or red. There are times there are indeed bloodstains in the urine, however, this is not noticed when the blood cells are microscopic
Pain When Urinating
One symptom of kidney stones is the presence of pain when urinating. This usually occurs when the stone in the kidney gets to the point the bladder and the ureter meet. This pain does not have a particular feel. There are times it feels burning and times it feels sharp. While pain while urinating is a symptom of kidney stones, it could also be a symptom of urinary tract infection.
Pain in the Belly, Sides, or Back
There are various levels of pain and the pain that is associated with kidney stones is considered to be one of the most excruciating anyone can feel. It is often compared to the pain felt when one is stabbed with a knife or when a woman is in labor.
The pain associated with kidney stones begins when there is a movement of a stone into the narrow ureter which leads to a blockage and ultimately the buildup of pressure in the kidney. As the stone that is responsible for the buildup of pressure in the kidney moves, pain is felt in various parts of the body.
Usually, the pain that is felt as the kidney stone changes location is prominent in the back, the sides, and under the ribs. There are times it is also felt in the groin and the belly.
Urinating Very Little at a Time
When a kidney stone is large, there is a huge likelihood for it to get stuck in the ureter. This occurrence can lead to a blockage that can slow down the flow of urine or stop it entirely. The implication of this is if there is a blockage in the ureter, you will be able to urinate just very little at a time.
An Urgent Need to Use the Bathroom
If you always feel an urgency to make use of the bathroom, you just might be suffering from kidney stones. This is because the urgent need to use the bathroom is an indication that the stone is now in a lower section of the abdomen.
Smelly or Cloudy Urine
When one is healthy, the urine comes with a very weak odor and is usually clear. Due to this, if the urine is cloudy or smelly, it could be an indication that you are down with kidney stones. When the urine is cloudy, it is an indication of the presence of pus in the urine. This smell might be caused by the bacteria that are responsible for urinary tract infection or from the urine being more concentrated than it actually should be.
Fever and Chills
When one’s kidney is infected, one symptom of this is a fever. Although this is not peculiar to kidney stones, it is a sign of kidney stones that should be given attention.
Although nausea and vomiting are not peculiar to people with kidney stones, it is one of the indications that one is down with kidney stones. Kidney stones lead to nausea and vomiting because the GI tract and the kidneys have a nerve connection. The implication of this is if there are stones in the kidney, it can affect the nerves in the GI tract. This, in turn, can cause stomach upset. Furthermore, since kidney stones lead to intense pain, nausea and vomiting might be your body reacting to excruciating pain.